Political and Social History

However, this pursuit of the two Germanies towards economic prosperity was constantly plagued with protests and demonstrations from its active population of young minds. Barbed wires, control towers, and harsh shoot-to-kill policies were put in place in the border between the East and the West to prevent the collapse of the Democratic Republic. Moreover, this intensified military protection was supported by West Germany by modifying its government structure towards parliamentary democracy. Yet, this political move was unsuccessful in winning back the sentiments and the enterprising minds of the German people. The efforts of the government to denazify Germany through corrective re-education and other approaches to cleanse the population from the horrors of the Nazi period were a failure. The citizens of Germany still held on the belief that the Nazi overindulgences to power and authority were attributable to the complacency of the civic society. The Red Army Faction (RAF) or popularly known as the Baader-Meinhof Group was formed by West Germany’s activists and liberated minds. it became a militant left-wing group. The group materialized from the protests and radical movements staged by the students in West Germany in the late 1960s. Being a leftist organization, the Baader-Meinhof Group was labeled as communist or metropolitan bandits due to its extensive engagement in armed resistance. However, the administrative sector of West Germany classified the group as a terrorist organization.In line with this historical introduction on West Germany, this paper will rest on the premise that the Baader-Meinhof Group can be either be a political organization or a terrorist group depending on the coherence of its objectives, movement, and activities to the principles upheld by a political organization and a terrorist group. The primary objective of this researchpaper is to discern the true nature of the Baader-Meinhof through an in-depth analysis of literature relating to it.