Jury Trials and Plea Bargaining

Some of these issues have been addressed through a variety of initiatives but the perception still persists that a judicial system that is skewed towards the mighty, the rich and the influential have a built-in bias against the poor litigants and other members belonging to the lower strata of society. The view is that justice is not blind, instead, there …

Early Childhood Education Theory of Constructivism

To constantly improve and develop everything that surrounds us is human nature. Hence, all spheres of human life, including social, political, and economic processes, face deliberate transformations and changes that are supposed to simplify specific aspects, increase effectiveness, or improve final results. The sphere of education has not become an exception. Historically numerous reforms took place in our country, however, …

The Success of Antidiscrimination Legislation

Various measures have been introduced through the years for the limitation of the phenomenon of discrimination in the workplace. however all of these measures (or at least the majority of them) have been proved to be inadequate taking into account the current social and cultural characteristics of most of the countries internationally. The extension of the phenomenon of discrimination could …

Power and the People in Ancient China

Any emperor, who practised evil, faced the wrath of heaven in the form of natural calamities and disasters. If the said emperor still continued with his immoral practices or did not heed the warnings of heaven, then heaven would appropriately withdraw his mandate. Revolution would thus emerge because of the breaking of social and political order.The leadership of ancient China …

The Linguistic Acquisition Device

He was able to give an evident account of the case of Victor of Aveyron who showed severe difficulty in developing language skills after years of isolation in the woods where he only interacted with animals. Subsequent observed improvement in language acquisition by Victor of Aveyron and a similar case of Genie in the United States seemed to provide reliable …

Whether It Is the Managers Responsibility to Make Sure the Contract Is Being Adhered To By both Employees and the Organisation

The primary concern of organisations is to ensure effective performance through employees, normally done through the Human Resource Management (HRM) function of the organisation, where it becomes the responsibility of HRM to introduce effective policies and methods to achieve goals, and also carry out employee performance appraisals for further improvement (McKenna and Beech, 2008).Unlike a physical contract of employment which …

Ethics in Organizations

The management of HP stated that one of the most difficult yet important choices they have ever made was firing the people whose acts were not meeting the ethical standards of the organization.Whether it is in the form of legal or moral responsibility, ethics should be considered as their priority by the modern organization. Organizations have a lot of things …

Approaches of Tata Steel to Managing Environmental Drivers in the Market

Tata Steel is the second biggest steel manufacturer in Europe and has its chief steelmaking plants in Holland and the UK. It supplies steel and associated services to main industries such as production, vehicle manufacturer, and packaging. The European operations are supplementary of Tata Steel Group, one of the world’s top ten steel manufacturers. The joint Group has approximately 80,000 …

Martin Luther King Jr and Malcolm X Comparison

Yet, amid their being part of the same oppressed and marginalized (black) race, King and Malcolm’s views and standpoints on certain things also have patches of differences—as they were, as some would refer them to, in a situation of ‘butting heads together’. However, their philosophies, though with a kind of divergence, have been greatly treasured and applied in today’s context …

(Spanking a Necessary Evil

Children seem to respond much quicker to physical punishments or even the threat of this than they do verbal corrections. Many parents believe that spanking is an acceptable form of punishment and consider the practice as an indispensable component of child-rearing. Others believe hitting anyone is wrong including and maybe especially, a child. Physically abusing another adult is considered a …

Stigmatization of Mental Illnesses

This paper attempts to shed some light on why mentally ill persons are stigmatized. This paper will therefore first offer a brief description of stigma and then it will evaluate the extent of the stigmatization of mental illness and then it will analyze why mental illness attracts such stigmatization.Byrne (2000) describes stigma as “a sign of disgrace or discredit which …

Profit Maximization

If the results are observed to have positive impacts on profits, only then that decision is taken into consideration for further implementation. There is a number of reasons due to which the model of profit maximization receives attention.it is encouraged because of undeniable and sustainable advantages which it offers to the business. Some of them include: Measurement Standard For identifying …

Consumer Behavior Status Symbol

All over the globe, the use of these status goods is observed and its abuse is also rather evident. Medieval ages definitely did not have status symbols, however, their emergence rather proceeded from the 19th century (Denselow, 2010). Now in 2013, the idea of a status symbol somewhat differs from the one before it, and correspondingly 2012 showed an additional …

The Purpose of Corporate Social Responsibility and its Application to Business

The Government must play its role in harnessing the skills attached to the corporate sector in finding out the better means in which it can benefit society. For that certain loans and grants can also be fixed for a certain company depending on its market level in the business world.Extensive research has found that corporate responsibility is becoming an essential …

The Death Penalty Pros and Cons

A number of speakers touched on the problem of public opinion. Public opinion polls show that more than 80% of citizens have a negative attitude towards the abolition of the death penalty. You can use these data in different ways: ignore them, use them for snobbish conclusions about the immaturity of public legal consciousness, etc.However, let us return to the …

European Union Labour Laws

Although the European Union (EU) has been highlighted as the most advanced system of regional integration of labor (Craig Lynk 2006, p 20), it has not escaped criticism in regard to a plethora of issues concerning workers in the Member States. For instance, Craig and Lynk (2006) identified the addition of ten states (the Czech Republic, Estonia, Lithuania, Cyprus, Slovakia, …

Comparison of the National Cultures of Australia and the China

As part of the international human resource management study, it is necessary for human resource manager(s) to be familiar with the national culture (McGaughey, Iverson, and De Cieri, 1997) and labor institutions of different countries in order to determine the work-related preferences of each nationality. The study of different national cultures is beneficial to both domestic and international HRM since …

Marketing of the UK Tourism Agencies

They offer a complete in itself tour and ensure that the product offered by them is standard, unique, produced in a large scale, and decently packaged. The tour operators’ marketing tactics are similar to any other consumer product, which is successfully marketed.In tourism, the target market is (Boone, L. E. Kurtz, D. L., 1992) “A group of consumers who the …

The Effect of Human Activity on the Ecology of Long Island Sound

But while some of these interactions can be described in strictly objective terms, such as the spatial-temporal flows of matter and energy studied in resource management, the term “place” denotes humans’ subjective experiences and meanings of the locations they inhabit. Because of this, approaches to the study of place may draw on very wide vocabularies and concepts of human subjectivity. …

The Effect of the Five Forces of Industry Competition on Saudi Arabian Airlines

This analysis provides a no exhaustive list of potential influences of the environment on the organization. Each of the forces is categorized by a particular macro-level external influence, which directly impacts strategic direction at Saudi Arabian Airlines. The political environment can have a significant influence on businesses as well as affect consumer confidence and business spending. The political environment is …

Negligence in Law

According to ‘Heaven v. Pender(1883) 11 Q.B.D. 503) “actionable negligence consists in the neglect of the use of ordinary care or skill towards a person to whom the defendant owes the duty of observing ordinary care and skill, by which neglect the plaintiff has suffered injury, to person or property”.In an action for negligence the plaintiff has to prove that …

The Difference between Strategy and Tactic

For illustration, many corporations’ leaders usually observe superficially how their counterpart firms attain a significant market share in their line of specialization, which prompts them wishing to enjoy the same thrill of success. What they do not understand are the rigorous, tiresome, and time-consuming tasks, which these firms have employed in the realization of their goals. This is especially in …

Successful Time Management

According to Pausch (2008), the management must organize the workspace or environment in order to eliminate destructions and ensure maximum concentration. Eisenhower time management method classifies tasks into either urgent or important tasks while the action priority matrix determines the priority of tasks depending on the efforts and perceived benefits to the organization. According to the Pareto principle (80:20 rule), …

CRMRelated Perspectives and Emirates Airlines

Particularly its strategic CRM policy initiatives have been considered to have a qualitative and quantitative impact on the financial metrics like the revenues and profits because the organization has been able to achieve positive synergies through its global operations in general and Dubai operations in particular. The positive correlations between CRM strategy at the Emirates and the positive growth in …

Apex Manufacturing

To worsen this situation, Apex has been forced to alter the vehicle’s exhaust system due to recently emerged governmental rules on the manufacturing companies to reduce noise levels. In one way or another, these competitors predicted that this would transpire and therefore, implemented this in the recent releases of their vehicles. Apex did not implement this and so it had …

Organ Transplants

In the United States, for example, 27 578 organs were transplanted in 2007. These organs came from 14 399 organ donors. This shows that organ harvesting has also contributed to the success of organ transplants. There can be no organ transplants without organs donated. The number of lung transplants increased by 4.3 %, and there were a few changes in …

Management Challenges by HRM managers

This paper illustrates that for the past four or five decades, the competition in the market has reached its intense possible levels. The market is becoming a ruthless place where there is no room for mistakes. Increased customer awareness, technological advances, globalization, ethical concerns, new competitors, and many other factors made life a tough job for many firms. In this …

Supply Chain Management

It requires commitment from all the supply chain partners coordinate effectively in terms of order generation, order fulfillment, therefore, creating an enterprise that is beyond just the producer’s site.Many large organizations that have both a local and global presence have recently begun to understand the strategic importance of the supply chain. One of the biggest examples of supply chain integration …

The Constitutions Checks and Balances

As reflected in the Constitution, every branch is adjusted to the systematically driven balances and basically high-quality oriented checks that guarantee that none can gain the usurpation. Meaningfully, the equal subordination in powers between various branches should be based on the background of amendments. All amendments are meaningful, so all of them support the equal responsibilities between the executive, legal, …

Critical Thinking Analysis

This tremendous ‘cash cow’ means of doing business has managed to both fly under the scope of the public radar until relatively recently as well as profit on weaknesses within the American corporate system, but Crook (2007) questions whether this means of doing business is sustainable into the future.Although the subject is broached later in the article, Crook does take …

Is there often underinvestment in infrastructures relative to need

To conserve the significantly decreased finances, all the decentralised schemes of reserve management are compelled aiming to concentrate on ways of evaluating and monitoring the spending of the available funds. Other than creating normal fiscal and objective tracking of plan performance, the examining systems have to review the participatory procedures, accountability, transparency, and the efficiency of organisational and operational connections …

Organisational and Stakeholder Ethical Considerations

Ethical Organisational Culture Approach One of the approaches to analyse the case is through ethical organisation culture. Alvesson (2002, pp. 4) states that organisational culture refers to those shared rules that guide cognitive and behavioural aspects of membership to an organisation and the avenues through which they are developed and expressed hence a system of shared symbols and meanings. Ferrell, …

Transforming International Security

Today’s international security system can also be characterizedby conflict and preclusion, a vital function of rapid technological progress in national security management, regional security problems. and development of non-state actors as a major source of national as well as international insecurity. The security systems of most of the countries around the world have no longer remained unaltered since the devastating …

One Year Clinical Results of Er Cr YSGG Laser Application in Addition to Scaling and Root Planning with Early to Moderate Periodontitis

it to a consortium of bacteria rather than by a single microorganism [2], with bacterial plaque gradually accumulating with time causing secondary tissue inflammation known as gingivitis, chronic periodontitis is usually treated by removing subgingival deposits, bacterial biofilm, and smear layer [3,4]. This strategy is aimed at abating, if not eliminating, etiologic agents of the disease, like microbial film and …

Portfolio Theory as Applied to Property Management and Investment

Behavioral economics has recently been challenging the basic assumptions of the modern portfolio theory. There are people who understand modern portfolio theory as a mathematical formulation. The formulation mainly focuses on how investments can be diversified. Under this criterion, investments that are grouped together are put together and it is believed that they have a lower risk value when compared …

Management of Maritime Operations

Such an issue occurs in the case of the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships Ballast Water and Sediments (BWM). The terms of this Convention are reviewed and explained in this paper aiming to show the operational and commercial effects of this legislative text on the organization. Suggestions are made as to how the challenges that the …

Influence of Hesketts Service Profit Chain

This in turn helps the managers to build customer satisfaction and loyalty and then determine its impact on profitability and growth.Services are intangible and hence service quality is a growing concern in every industry. In the service sector, customer satisfaction is a critical variable and management theorists call this the service profit chain. The service profit chain implies that satisfied …

CrossCultural Management of Dancom Company

Culture, in this sense, includes systems of values. and values are among the building blocks of culture” (Hofstede, 1994). From this definition, one can perceive how much influence culture has on people. This is markedly felt in an international environment. If people are considerate and understanding other cultures and make the necessary adjustments to accommodate the needs of others, then …

Geographical Profiling Helpful In Criminal Investigation

Profiling is one of the major purposes which include case management, database development, cause, and pattern analysis, forensic demography, typology validation, personality evaluation, principles of geocoding, numerical predictions, and the ethics of annoyance and interrogation/ interview strategies.To minimize crime level different strategies and methods have been used. Endless researches are going on to reduce and prevent criminal activities. Geographical profiling …

Fluency Interventions in SpeechLanguage Therapy

The potential impact of stuttering on children’s development is severe and the problems outgrow as the child enters into the adolescent stage affecting their self-esteem, self-image, and academic and occupational relationships. If speech and language disabilities identified and intervene at an early age, these disorders can display positive outcomes. The treatment is often personalized and focuses on the particular area …

Building the Entrepreneurial Organization

Confidence is always thought to be exuded by an entrepreneur in the face of high risks, uncertainty, and opportunities as well (Palich Bagby, 1995, pp.425-438). Entrepreneur ends up assuming certain risks associated with failure or loss and creates a new business venture while at the same time ensures other ventures by guaranteeing them specific returns (Sternberg Wennekers, 2005, pp.193-203). Intrinsic …

The Principles of Total Quality Management

The paper will also give detailed illustrations related to the standards and expectations of a typical five stars hotel front office, descriptions of Rotana’s Front Office standards, and analysis of Rotana’s front office standards will also be provided. The report will also include a survey about the performance standards of the Front Office department of Rotana Hotel. Finally, the report …

Effective Management A of Competition Culture and Control

The Tata Business Excellence Model is an example of an effective organizational control system. Corporate culture is the collective behavior of the individuals in an organization who work towards common corporate goals. The Toyota Way proves how the right corporate culture can strengthen the competitive edge of an organization.The formulation of an effective strategy for an organization or business requires …

What Are the Implications of Managing the Franchise Side of a Chain Organization

Franchising has been recognized as a successful business model leading to the accelerated expansion of the new store with local control of the franchise owners assuring lesser financial risks with rewards associated with local ownership which requires a lower level of supervision and economies of scale. “The most widely accepted definition of a franchise refers to a contractual relationship between …

The Customer Service of a Public Sector Organization

The departments of public sector organizations that are gaining the most important these days are waste collection and street cleansing for a number of reasons. Firstly, waste management is becoming an issue globally and there are drastic steps being undertaken to ensure that waste is properly collected and managed. For managing it, the pre-requisite is the proper collection. The pipeline …

Chessington World of Adventure

As a first task, the report will evaluate the strategic objectives of operations management within Chessington and how it is achieved with the aid of various departments. Then as a second task, the report will discuss how an appropriate system can be designed to ensure quality in services. In the final task, the paper will discuss how the performance of …

Information Technology and Management

The main aim of this research is to spotlight the new emerging trends of business and corporate management. This research will assess the facilities, tools, advantages, and enhancements that can be brought into a business through this system (MIS) implementation. The main focus of this research will be on the detailed analysis of the strategy support brought by the implementation …

Classical Approaches to Management

Later, Classical Management also came to be associated with Human Relations development. No specific timelines can be drawn to view and study various aspects of Classical Management because their propounding and practice often overlapped each other. However, it is certain that the emergence of Bureaucratic, Administrative, Scientific Management and Human Relations predate World War II. World War II involved the …

The Prevailing Problem of Royal Mail

But the annual report indicated that mail volumes and revenues are falling, competition from private postal service providers is increasing and electronic mails are also a growing threat (Royal Mail group, 2009).By autumn 2007, a series of postal strikes started in the UK and it severely affected those companies which were directly dependent on Royal Mail as a source of …

Jury Trials and Plea Bargaining

Some of these issues have been addressed through a variety of initiatives but the perception still persists that a judicial system that is skewed towards the mighty, the rich and the influential have a built-in bias against the poor litigants and other members belonging to the lower strata of society. The view is that justice is not blind, instead, there …

Early Childhood Education Theory of Constructivism

To constantly improve and develop everything that surrounds us is human nature. Hence, all spheres of human life, including social, political, and economic processes, face deliberate transformations and changes that are supposed to simplify specific aspects, increase effectiveness, or improve final results. The sphere of education has not become an exception. Historically numerous reforms took place in our country, however, …

The Success of Antidiscrimination Legislation

Various measures have been introduced through the years for the limitation of the phenomenon of discrimination in the workplace. however all of these measures (or at least the majority of them) have been proved to be inadequate taking into account the current social and cultural characteristics of most of the countries internationally. The extension of the phenomenon of discrimination could …

Power and the People in Ancient China

Any emperor, who practised evil, faced the wrath of heaven in the form of natural calamities and disasters. If the said emperor still continued with his immoral practices or did not heed the warnings of heaven, then heaven would appropriately withdraw his mandate. Revolution would thus emerge because of the breaking of social and political order.The leadership of ancient China …

The Linguistic Acquisition Device

He was able to give an evident account of the case of Victor of Aveyron who showed severe difficulty in developing language skills after years of isolation in the woods where he only interacted with animals. Subsequent observed improvement in language acquisition by Victor of Aveyron and a similar case of Genie in the United States seemed to provide reliable …

Whether It Is the Managers Responsibility to Make Sure the Contract Is Being Adhered To By both Employees and the Organisation

The primary concern of organisations is to ensure effective performance through employees, normally done through the Human Resource Management (HRM) function of the organisation, where it becomes the responsibility of HRM to introduce effective policies and methods to achieve goals, and also carry out employee performance appraisals for further improvement (McKenna and Beech, 2008).Unlike a physical contract of employment which …

Ethics in Organizations

The management of HP stated that one of the most difficult yet important choices they have ever made was firing the people whose acts were not meeting the ethical standards of the organization.Whether it is in the form of legal or moral responsibility, ethics should be considered as their priority by the modern organization. Organizations have a lot of things …

Approaches of Tata Steel to Managing Environmental Drivers in the Market

Tata Steel is the second biggest steel manufacturer in Europe and has its chief steelmaking plants in Holland and the UK. It supplies steel and associated services to main industries such as production, vehicle manufacturer, and packaging. The European operations are supplementary of Tata Steel Group, one of the world’s top ten steel manufacturers. The joint Group has approximately 80,000 …

Martin Luther King Jr and Malcolm X Comparison

Yet, amid their being part of the same oppressed and marginalized (black) race, King and Malcolm’s views and standpoints on certain things also have patches of differences—as they were, as some would refer them to, in a situation of ‘butting heads together’. However, their philosophies, though with a kind of divergence, have been greatly treasured and applied in today’s context …

(Spanking a Necessary Evil

Children seem to respond much quicker to physical punishments or even the threat of this than they do verbal corrections. Many parents believe that spanking is an acceptable form of punishment and consider the practice as an indispensable component of child-rearing. Others believe hitting anyone is wrong including and maybe especially, a child. Physically abusing another adult is considered a …

Stigmatization of Mental Illnesses

This paper attempts to shed some light on why mentally ill persons are stigmatized. This paper will therefore first offer a brief description of stigma and then it will evaluate the extent of the stigmatization of mental illness and then it will analyze why mental illness attracts such stigmatization.Byrne (2000) describes stigma as “a sign of disgrace or discredit which …