Effects of Foreign Direct Investment and Import Tariffs on Iran Car Industry

Iran car industry is the country’s second-biggest industry after the petroleum industry. Iran started its Automobile industry in 1960. The first step taken by some young entrepreneurs was to produce The Body of Benz automobiles. By 1966 the company was able to assemble Hunter automobiles. In 1979 the first ‘Paykan’ was manufactured which was put out the production in 2005. …

The Four Attributes of Michael Porters Diamond of National Competitive Advantage

Porter (1990) showed that the success of a nation in a competitive international market system depends on four broad attributes. These attributes individually and systemically constitute the diamond of national competitive advantage.The factors used in classical economic theories to explain absolute advantage (as in the case of Adam Smith) and comparative advantage of nations (by David Ricardo) were capital, labour, …

Balanced Versus Unbalanced Growth

A big-push implies a lumpsum effort to revive the society from the clutches of underdevelopment, where the lumpsum effort indicates a simultaneous thrust on more than one sector in a country. Conversely, the fundamental picture behind an unbalanced growth strategy is to inject the growth stamina in a selected sector from which the mechanism will trickle-down to a number of …

The Star Phenomenon of Will Smith

The star phenomenon is said to have begun in the 1820s, when “certain actors’ names” were printed in theatre advertisements (Branston and Stafford, 2003, 108). It was in the 1970s that study of stardom and celebrity status was included in the academic discourses. (Redmond and Holmes, Preface to Stardom and celebrity: A reader, 2007, 5). This was only after, “manufacturing …

Perceived Effects of Outsourcing in America

The strategy was promoted during the 1980s and rationalized by experts that the United States is evolving from manufacturing to a service-based economy (Hira Hira. 2005) According to experts, the phasing out of manufacturing jobs through outsourcing is part of economic progress. Labour-intensive jobs such as manufacturing will now be relegated to developing countries so that the U.S. can focus …

King Philips War

During fifty-five years after the arrival of Mayflower, with her first settlers from England, history reveals that the settlers were becoming prospered and multiply while the natives were decreasing due to diseases contracted by the settlers of which they had no cure.With a growing population and the need for economic expansion and survival, land ownership and rights often became the …

Managerial Economic

Some of these tools include SWOT and PEST that provide a good analysis of the factors that affect a business.The economic investigation involves an all-inclusive study of nationwide, regional, and global economic trends and performance, represents an exceedingly important phase in the development of strategy planned, set up, and rising businesses. Economic factors have a straight impact on the possible …

Credit Crunch Since Summer 2007

The US economy affects the entire world economy as they partner with individuals and businesses around the world. This can be explained by Mitchell’s theory of the business cycle which emphasizes that the dynamic phases of the cycle in the economic activity can be explained by the augmentation and the squeeze of the profit margins which in turn affect many …

Unemployment Theory and Practice

In Keynes’ view, the rate of growth ensured that there was full or less than full employment. If the rate of economic growth were less than that of the underlying rate of population growth, then unemployment increased. the converse was also true.Keynes posited that economic growth was due to demand increases. Demand for Keynes was defined as the total amount …

Criminal Justice System Interventions Family Violence

Consequently, among the numerous discourses on masculinity available within a particular culture at a specific instance, “There are differences and tension between hegemonic and complicit masculinities, oppositions between hegemonic masculinity and subordinated and marginalized masculinities” (Connell 2005: 242). Hence, while there are a variety of masculinities present for boys and men to take on such as being macho, straight, and …

On Turning Ten by Billy Collins

This poem flawlessly signifies a crucial thematic element of change during the process of understanding how tough life can be. As such, it is a driving force that enables people to see the present life from a different perspective. This poem helps the reader to know these changes since the narrator includes realistic arguments that have happened in his own …

Management Information System

1.Determination of the research question is the first and the foremost demand of any research endeavor. In this step, the researcher can focus on the complexity of the subject within consideration and tries to seek answers to a few questions starting with ‘how’ and ‘why’. 2.The second step is to determine the type of case study. Whether it be intrinsic …

Semantic Web System

The semantic web at its core includes a set of collaborative working groups, design principles, and a verity of facilitative technologies. A few parts of the Semantic Web are projected as potential future possibilities that have not yet been put into practice or executed. The formal elements of Semantic Web include notations like RDF Schema, the Web Ontology Language, Resource …

Human Resources in USoft

Other factors that make U-Soft employees work below their capabilities include poor leadership skills among the managers and lack of work promotion opportunities.To increase the work performance of employees, the HR manager of U-Soft should draft new HR policies, remuneration packages, and work flexibility options. These strategies are effective in terms of motivating employees to improve their overall work performance. …

The Customer Satisfaction Study

A second type of question, particularly in the preliminary part of the study should address their expectations. Why did they attend, and what did they expect to gain from attendance. We should also seek suggestions for improving the conference in the future. A few questions should address the logistics of travel, timing, location, accommodations, and services.In the case of this …

The Cycle of Leadership

Circumstances that pose an immediate danger to life, property, sales revenues, however, may lead to other leaders arising from a lower level in the ranks to take charge. A building on fire or a company vehicle tied up in an accident traffic accidents and workers are indecisive as top what to do, are also typical examples of situations where participants …

Dry Bulk Cargoes

This may occur particularly in the case of cargo such as grain for example, where individual grains start to sink during the course of a voyage, resulting in air being forced out and creating a gap between the top of the cargo and the hatch cover, which in turn causes the cargo to move about as the ship rolls and …

Ellen Schall and the Department of Juvenile Justice

In this regard, after reviewing the facts of the case, the key formal mandates, “codified in laws, regulations, ordinances, articles of incorporation, charters” (Bryson 97) affecting the Department of Juvenile Justice (DJJ) are as follows: (1) the New York City Charter’s explicitly defining two duties for DJJ to operate the facilities as well as to develop and supervise the programs, …

Business Overview of Nike Inc

Nike’s vision is “to carry on the legacy of innovative thinking, whether to develop products that help athletes of every level of ability reach their potential or to create business opportunities that set Nike apart from the competition and provide value for our shareholders”. According to Nike’s vision for the future, they keep introducing innovative products in the market. Like, …

A Design of a Compact Public Transportation for the Elderly and Physically Challenged

Having private transportation is a luxury because not all of us can afford a private vehicle, those that cannot afford such kind of luxury are forced to use public transport, but again for those people who have a certain kind of disabilities, thereare problems and concerns that are needed to be addressed whenever they would use public transport. Some specific …

Implementing the Leadership Strategies

In an organization, it is the leadership that is responsible for directing the efforts of its resources towards its ultimate objective. Strategies are planned and executed by leaders. Only a clear vision can ensure the success of a strategy. Delegation of responsibility and supervision is possible only when the strategy has been clearly laid out in accordance with such a …

Esterline Technologies and Lean Manufacturing

With this strong financial performance, analysts expressed their positive outlook for Esterline Technologies: “According to analysts reports, 206 revenues were likely to exceed $1 billion.”The success of Esterline in its operation is also indicated by its capability of achieving Tier-1 supplier status with two of its largest customers. Tier-1 supplier status puts the business organization into a more advantageous situation, …

Design as Lifestyle How Has Chinese Design Development Affected Chinese Lifestyle

DISCUSSION: Graphic designers combine visual signs, symbols, and images into a visual-verbal presentation that the audience can understand. The graphic designer is both a message maker and a form builder and introduces order and clarity from the relationships between the elements (Meggs, 1992:1-3). Another aspect of the designer’s task is to infuse the content with resonance through the use of …

Strategic Human Resource Management

Third is operations where business processes are carried out. Lastly, there is a human resource that is considered by most researchers as essential in the success of any business operation (Terry 1953).Strategic human resource management is a process or an approach to addressing the competitive challenges an organization faces. It is managing the strategies which involve planning and developing human …

IT for Supply Chain Management

To clearly discuss the uses of information technology (IT) and information systems (IS) for supply chain management (SCM), the following definitions that are relevant to the use of information technology (IT) and information systems (IS) for supply chain management (SCM) will be used: Information technology (IT) as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA) is: "the study, design, …

The UK Legal Methods and Legal Systems

Most legal systems do not support well-argued stories on both sides, the reason is, it is not the case the physical universe supports well-argued stories on both sides of the arbitrary proposition of physical chemistry, this not only happens in law, but there is also confident in its regularity that we put lawyers under a professional obligation of zealous representation …

Development of Modular Integrated Systems Strategy in Formulating a Manufacturing Strategy

The manufacturing strategy deals with the decisions of the management related to the matter that how will they manufacture the product, how the resources will be deployed in the production process and how will they arrange and organize the necessary infrastructure to support the activities of the manufacturing process.Manufacturing strategy is a broad term that covers a wide range of …

Planning the Audit of Dart Valley Railway PLC

While obtaining the understanding of the entity and the environment of the entity, the auditor has to consider various factors in which the entity performs its business. Obtaining the understanding of the entity also involves the understanding of the nature of the business of the entity, its industrial and regulatory requirements, its organizational and business strategies as well as their …

Death of salesman / Willy Loman

The very name of the protagonist seems to be the pun. The author presents Willy Loman being somehow predestined to be a “low man”. However the protagonist is likely to have had an alternative. Loman believes whole-heartedly in what he regards as the earnest of the American Dream – that a personally “attractive” and a “well-liked” person in business would …

Vital Knowledge Assets Protection Planning Service

High turnover rates have caused companies to become stagnant in terms of advancement of knowledge. Knowledge sharpens individuals’ skills, increases association productivity and drives innovation Beazley, H. (2003). Knowledge is highly perishable, increases with sharing and is cumulative Beazley, H. (2003). Retirements of experienced and knowledgeable professionals as well as many employees leaving the organization have caused companies lacking valuable …

The Concepts of Fair Wages and Employment Standard Codes

Researchers have often assumed that employers are always ethically appreciative to pay fair wages to the employees whenever possible, in order to keep them motivated and satisfied. However, in the practical scenario, the working environment situations have repeatedly been witnessed to depict the authoritarian power led malpractices conducted by employers in terms of employee exploitation. A best example to this …

Operational Risk Management

The basic components of a risk management system include identifying and defining the risks the firm is exposed to, assessing their magnitude, mitigating them using a variety of procedures, and setting aside capital for potential losses. Economic modelling is used well in achieving these. The development of empirical models of financial precariousness leads to increased modelling of market risk which …

The Comprehensiveness of North American Online Reservation Systems

According to Clemons and Hann (1999), the drastic changes that are being experienced by the travel industry can be associated with the dynamics of the competitive environment. Before the extent of the impact of these modifications in the wider market is assessed and analyzed from a comprehensive perspective it is necessary to highlight the fundamental challenges which Rosenbluth International currently …

Reverse Logistics Principles

In simple words, reverse logistics is all about moving products from their end point of use in an attempt to try and give them another usable form. According to the Reverse logistics association (2009), reverse logistics encompasses all those activities that appertain to products or services after their sale point, the main aim being to maximize on the product in …

The Perfectly Competitive Firm

A market is said to be perfectly competitive when the number of buyers is so enormous, that many small firms are required to participate in the market in order to meet these buyers’ demands. Because both the firms and the buyers are small enough to influence the price, both buyers and sellers can only take the market price of goods …

Continuous Quality Improvement in the U S A Military

The paper details the efforts of both the Marine Corps and the Air Force to implement systems controls aimed at improving our capability to respond to a rapidly changing external environment. Examples include linking statistical controls to performance assessment, the standardization of procedures in support of the combat mission, a renewed emphasis on training in the concepts of knowledge management, …

A New Business Idea in Sydney

The coffee shop, intended to be established following this market plan, after developing a better position in the market will aim towards increased profitability as well as towards being reputed as a renowned coffee shop in Sydney over the next two years. On the commencement of the coffee shop, the consumers will be provided with various high-quality gourmet and espresso …

Six Sigma

Organizations are established to be profitable. Successful and profitable organizations provide employment and pay taxes that consequently do good to the community, state, and nation where they manufacture their products or provide their services. Generating a profit is dependent on the number of customers who want an organization’s products and/or services. Customers’ wanting of an organization’s products and/or services is …

HRM Strategy and Implementation

This paper discusses the issues in relation to research and the opinions of experts in the matter and makes suggestions for improvement of the competitive advantage to a sustainable one with whatever resources the entrepreneur has at hand. Personnel management has been recognized as the solution as this alone can produce a turnaround improvement in the organization. Annual employee appraisal …

Managing Expansion Change in Business a Business Organization

In addition, Mortlock Hotel’s manager has been replaced eight times in the last five years, and the departments in the hotel are demoralized. A significant problem is that customers make regular complaints about service at the hotel. Moreover, the hotel has accrued significant debts, meaning that it has been operating below the break-even point.The aforementioned problems comprise part of what …

The Leader and Change Agent in Action

The vital question is setting the objectives of a business enterprise as this has a direct bearing on strategy. The most obvious aim is to make profits and adding to wealth. While making a profit in a profession is possible through the use of personal and individual skills, knowledge, and endeavors. it needs collaborative or participatory effort in a business …

Company Financial

All the above factors have to be in alignment with the ultimate objective of any business, maximising profits and wealth. “According to this concept, actions that increase the firm’s profit are undertaken while those that decrease profit are avoided”.Equity Evaluation: the term equity evaluation can be simply termed as the value of stock owned by a company. It is this …

The Core Competence of the Corporation

Identifying opportunities in the external environment and adopting a pre-active response to changes in the consumer markets is a fundamental element in organizations developed around core competencies (Hamel and Prahalad, 1990. 1994). One example of this is the case of Preussag AG. Preussag had traditionally been a company focusing on logistics, information systems and ‘old economy’ business lines such as …

The Role of the Environment on the Impact of Product Strategy

The business environment was defined at the outset of the discussion with particular emphasis on its impact on product strategy. A Singapore-based company named BreadTalk Group Limited was used as a case study in order to illustrate how the environment affects product strategy. Several tools for strategic management analysis were discussed, with particular emphasis on the PESTL model of analysis. …

Leadership and Managing Change

Change happens with time and how organizations adopt this change has been highlighted in this paper. An earnest effort has been undertaken to present the different viewpoints regarding the varied nature of change itself. The leadership role within change avenues cannot be denied its due role and there is a pertinent need to address the same in an ideal capacity, …

Fast Food Business

Beef are not allowed in India for the Hindus. Indonesian prefer to eat more rice and rice-based foods.America is the heartland for McDonald’s with 50% of global sales. Europe has one-third of global sales and is catching up fast, with 39% of global earnings. McDonald’s has a presence in 40 European countries through 65% of European earnings come from the …

Business Strategy Marks and Spenser 19902004

The market economy requires constant monitoring and forecasting, determination of the long-term goals, and the strategies of their achievement. The problem of the successful functioning and quarantining the continuous development of an enterprise is the primary one in the conditions of the market economy, which provides a dynamic, changing, unstable environment. To manage the functioning of business in such conditions …

Evolutionary Psychology and Attraction

Sociobiology, with its focus on biological accounts of evident social facts, has developed into evolutionary psychology, with its stress on the process of the evolution of the brain, and the extent of influence of people’s desire to survive and to multiply their genes into the next generations to their present behavior and conduct (ibid).Sociobiology or evolutionary psychology both in the …

Biology Practical on Cells

The final magnification of the details of specimen under observation is the product of both the eye-piece, and objective lenses (Caprette, 2005).For one to be able to note the details of the specimen, staining is necessary. Different substances will absorb light differently, thus transmit light in different proportions. The difference in light transmission through the different parts due to staining …

Analyzing San Manuel Bueno Martyr Truth in Times of Great Uncertainty and Collective Disillusionment

By then, this group of Republicans, which was becoming more famous, was getting enough backup and support for the upcoming municipality polls. In the Nivola byUnamuno,San Manuel, much focus is on the matter concerningtruthand authenticity.Unamunoupholdingtruthexploits several things. InSan ManuelNivola byUnamuno, you also get to understand the benefits of various thoughts and following more so when focusing on this specific area …

My World View

The general beliefs that are my worldview outline not only how I see the world, but also intensely manipulate the particular beliefs I come to hold, the choices I draw and decisions I make, and all that I think, speak and act. My worldview is so basic to what I do, and in fact, what I am, that it would …

Bill Clinton An Analysis

Lowry is right, as we look back at the Clinton legacy it becomes apparent that much of what is going on in the world right now, began in 2001, just months after President Bush assumed his office, and are the result of unresolved issues that arose during the Clinton Administration. Clinton’s presidency committed some of the most egregious domestic affronts …

IKEA’s Secrets

Having been born in a small village in the Småland province of southern Sweden, hard work and frugality were ingrained in him since childhood. The harsh environment with limited resources endowed him with the capacity to make the most of the resources available.Ingvar Kamprad realized early on that there was a huge market of low to middle-income families, with higher …

Existential Theory

However, my personal view is that their human ideas could still be improved if these are infused with Christian principles. That is my modest attempt in the course of this paper.Finding meaning in one’s life is a difficult contemplation that confronts our personal convictions. Why am I here? What is my life’s purpose? Difficult questions to answer at gunpoint, and …